Scientific Studies

Scientific Studies

When we started looking into the research on Whole Body Vibration, we were amazed. We saw people were getting results. We found that Whole Body Vibration platforms are being used in many situations, for many conditions. From building new bone, to increasing athletic performance, to rehab and injury care, the successful applications are ongoing. We realized that Whole Body Vibration Therapy has the potential to expand our personal choices for exercise and our ideas about wellness.

The following research validates the results and credibility of Whole Body Vibration by various health professionals.

General Information
Belav, D.L.; J.A. Hides, S.J. Wilson, W. Stanton, F.C. Dimeo, J. Rittweger, D. Felsenberg, C.A. Richardson. “Resistive simulated weightbearing exercise with whole body vibration reduces lumbar spine deconditioning in bed-rest.” Spine. 2008 Mar. 1. 33,(5): E121-31.

Hazell, T.J., J.M. Jakobi, K.A. Kenno. “The effects of whole-body vibration on upper- and lower-body EMG during static and dynamic contractions.” Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2007 Dec. 32(6): 1156-63.

Kawanabe K., A. Kawashima, I. Sashimoto, T. Takeda, Y. Sato, and J. Iwamoto. “Effect of whole-body vibration exercise and muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on walking ability in the elderly.” Keio Journal of Medicine. 2007 Mar. 56(1): 28-33.

Rubin, Janet; Clinton Rubin, Christopher Rae Jacobs. “Molecular pathways mediating mechanical signaling in bone.” Gene. 2006 Feb 15. 367: 1-16.

Raloff, Janet. “Medicinal EMFs: Harnessing Electric and Magnetic Fields for Healing and Health.” Science News, Vol. 156, No. 20, 1999, pg. 316.

Griffin, M.J. “Biodynamic Response To Whole-Body Vibration.” The Shock and Vibration Digest 1981.Vol.13; 3-2.

Scientific Studies


Gilsanz, Vicente, Tishya AL Wren, Monique Sanchez, Frederick Dorey, Stefan Judex, and Clinton Rubin. “Low-Level, High-Frequency Mechanical Signals Enhance Musculoskeletal Development of Young Women With Low BMD.” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. Vol. 21, No. 9, 2006.

Rubin, Clinton, Stefan Judex, Yi-Xian Qin. “Low-level mechanical signals and their potential as a non-pharmacological intervention for osteoporosis.” Age and Ageing. 2006; 35-S2: ii32–ii36.

Barry, Patrick L. Good Vibrations: “A New Treatment Under Study by NASA-funded Doctors Could Reverse Bone Loss Experienced by Astronauts in Space.” Science @ NASA Web site, Nov. 2, 2001.

Bosco, C., R. Colli, E. Introini, M. Cardinale, M. Iacovelli’, J. Tihanyi, S.P. von Duvillard, A. Viru.”Adaptive Responses of Human Skeletal Muscle to Vibration Exposure.” Clinical Physiology, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb. 1999, pg. 183.

Schießl, H., J. Willnecker. ](3):CR112-116.
Tihanyi, T.K., M. Horváth, G. Fazekas, T. Hortobágyi and J. Tihanyi. “One session of whole body vibration increases voluntary muscle strength transiently in patients with stroke.” Clinical Rehabilitation 2007. Vol. 21: 782–793.

Semler, O.; O. Fricke, K. Vezyroglou, C. Stark, A. Stabrey, E. Schoenau. “Results of a prospective pilot trial on mobility after whole body vibration in children and adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta.” Clinical Rehabilitation. May 2008; 22(5):387-94.

Melnyk M.; B. Kofler, M. Faist, M. Hodapp, A. Gollhofer. “Effect of a Whole-Body Vibration Session on Knee Stability.” International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008 Apr 9.

Moezy, Azar; Gholamreza Olyaei, Mohammadreza Hadian, Mohammad Razi, and Soghrat Faghihzadeh. “A Comparative Study of Whole Body Vibration Training and Conventional Training on Knee Proprioception and Postural Stability after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction” British Journal of Sports Medicine. Online: 2008 Jan. 8.

Scientific Studies

Medical Conditions and Rehabilitation
Maloney-Hinds, C., J.S. Petrofsky, and G. Zimmerman. “The effect of 30 Hz vs. 50 Hz passive vibration and duration of vibration on skin blood flow in the arm.” Medical Science Monitor. 2008 Mar. 14

Tihanyi, T.K., M. Horváth, G. Fazekas, T. Hortobágyi and J. Tihanyi. “One session of whole body vibration increases voluntary muscle strength transiently in patients with stroke.” Clinical Rehabilitation 2007. Vol. 21: 782–793.

Price, Kelly. Article in the Nashville Medical News. “~MS and WBV: A Promising Combination.” October 2006.

Schuhfried, Othmar, C. Mittermaier, T. Jovanovic, K. Pieber and T. Paternostro-Sluga. “Effects of whole-body vibration in patients with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study.” Clinical Rehabilitation 2005. Vol. 19: 834-842.

Fontana, Tania L., Carolyn A. Richardson, and Warren R. Stanton. “The effect of weightbearing exercise with low frequency, whole body vibration on lumbosacral proprioception: A pilot study on normal subjects.” Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 2005: Vol. 51.

van Nes, Ilse J.W., et al. “Short-Term Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Postural Control in Unilateral Chronic Stroke Patients: Preliminary Evidence.” Abstract from the American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 83, No. 11, Nov. 2004, pg. 867-873.

Lenhardt, M.L., et al. “Use of High-Frequency and Muscle Vibration in the Treatment of Tinnitus.” International Tinnitus Journal, 2003, Vol. 9, No. 1, pg. 32-36.

Bosco, C., et al. “Hormonal Responses to Whole-Body Vibration in Men.” European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2000, pg. 449-454.

Bruyere, O., et al. “Controlled Whole Body Vibrations Improve Health Related Quality of Life in Elderly Patients.” Research article abstract.

Scientific Studies

Parkinson’s Disease
Haas, Christian T., Stephan Turbanski, Kirn Kessler and Dietmar Schmidtbleicher. “The effects of random whole-body-vibration on motor symptoms in Parkinsons disease.” NeuroRehabilitation 21, 2006: 29–36.

Turbanski S, Haas CT, Schmidtbleicher D, Friedrich A, Duisberg P. “Effects of random whole-body vibration on postural control in Parkinsons disease.” Research in Sports Medicine, 2005, Jul – Sep, Vol. 13, No. 3, pg. 243-56.

Cochrane, D.J.; S.R. Stannard, A.J. Sargeant, J. Rittweger. “The rate of muscle temperature increase during acute whole-body vibration exercise.” European Journal of Applied Physiology 2008 Apr. 8

The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2007 Nov. 21(4):1072-6.
Cardinale, M. and J. Lim. “Electromyography Activity of Vastus Lateralis Muscle During Whole Body Vibrations of Different Frequencies.” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2003, pg. 621-624. [PDF]

Cardinale, M. “The Effects of Vibration on Human Performance and Hormonal Profile.” Doctoral thesis, Semmelweis University, 2002. [PDF]

Rittweger, J., et al. “Oxygen Uptake in Whole Body Vibration Exercise: Influence of Vibration Frequency, Amplitude and External Load.” International Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 23, 2002, pg. 428-432. [abstract]

Bosco, C., et al. “New Trends in Training Science: The Use of Vibrations for Enhancing Performance.” New Studies in Athletics, Vol. 14, No.4, 1999, pg.55-62. [PDF]

Bosco, C., R. Colli, E. Introini, M. Cardinale, M. Iacovelli’, J. Tihanyi, S.P. von Duvillard, A. Viru. “Adaptive Responses of Human Skeletal Muscle to Vibration Exposure.” Clinical Physiology, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb. 1999, pg. 183.[PDF]

Bosco, C., et al. “The Influence of Whole Body Vibration on Jumping Performance.” Biology of Sport, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1998, pg. 157-164. [PDF]

Mark, A., et al. “Metabolic and Cardiovascular Responses During Whole Body Vibration Exercise: a Pilot Study.” Poster presentation of research. [PDF]

Bosco, C., et al. “The Influence of Whole Body Vibration on the Mechanical Behaviour of Skeletal Muscle.” Research paper. [PDF]

Clinical Trials
Study sponsored by National Institute on Aging (NIA). “VIBES  Low Magnitude Mechanical Stimulation to Improve Bone Mineral Density.” Study to run from Feb. 2007 through Sept. 2010.

Study sponsored by University Health Network, Toronto. “Influence of Vibration on Bone Mineral Density in Women Who Have Weak Bones After Menopause.” Study began Nov. 2006.

Study sponsored by the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. “Effect of Whole Body Vibration on Bone and Fall Related Parameters.” Study to run from July 2006 to Oct. 2007.

Study sponsored by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. “Vibration Intervention to Improve Bone and Muscle in Children with Cerebral Palsy.” Study to run from Sept. 2004 through Sept. 2007.

Study sponsored by the Logan College of Chiropractic. “Whole Body Vibration Therapy in a Participant With Multiple Sclerosis Related Balance Deficits  A Case Study.” Study to run from June 2006 through Feb. 2007.

Study sponsored by Oregon State University College of Health and Human Sciences. “OSU Researchers to Shake-Up Hip Replacement Therapy.” by Stephen Swanson, 2006.

Scientific Studies

Whole Body Vibration in the News
NASA Web site, March 7, 2008:”–”Vibrational Inhibition of Bone Erosion  A Low-Intensity Mechanical Countermeasure to Prohibit Osteoporosis in Astronauts During Long-Term Spaceflight (VIBE)

Dembner, Alice. “New buzz on an old workout fad.” July 8, 2006: The Boston Globe.

Rainer, Michelle. “Shake your booty: can a vibrating machine jiggle you into shape? Devotees of Whole Body Vibration say yes.” September 1, 2007: Fairchild Publications, Inc.

Gallagher, Noel K. “Maine scientist finds vibration slims abdomen; His mouse study suggests exercise may move fat to where it benefits the body.” October 23, 2007: Portland Press Herald (Maine).

Oleck, Cecilia. “’’Whole lotta shakin goin on: Body vibration therapy is helping people with spinal cord injuries build bone density and muscle tone.” October 3, 2006: Detroit Free Press.

Total Image Fitness is not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. The studies listed are provided for general information. These independent studies reference years of research into vibration therapy.

While the use of vibration therapy is considered a new idea to most health, fitness and medical professionals, it does not suffer from a lack of supportive research. The overwhelming consistency of findings from the scientific research that exists, is a compelling prelude to our machines future applications, and their impact as a method of fitness training and personal wellness care.

These studies are examples of published science, supporting whole body vibration technology as used for building muscle strength, increasing bone density, hormonal balance, blood and lymph circulation, and pain reduction. This list is not complete as Research and findings are being added every day.


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